Volume 9, Issue 21 (11-2018)                   rap 2018, 9(21): 46-54 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

eslamian E, naserian A A, valizadeh R, vakili A. (2018). Investigation of the Effects of Barley Grain Removal and Replacement of Wheat Bran with it, in the Diet of Saanen Dairy Goats . rap. 9(21), 46-54. doi:10.29252/rap.9.21.46
URL: http://rap.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-916-en.html
University of Applied Sciences and Technology
Abstract:   (3952 Views)
In this research, the effects of complete replacement of barley grain with wheat bran in livestock were investigated. This experiment was carried out using 12 Saanen dairy goats in a completely randomized design for 21 days, in which goats were divided into three quadruple groups. The treatments consisted of: 1- treatment containing 25% barley and 10% wheat bran (control), 2- treatment without barley and 37.25% wheat bran and 3- treatment without barley and 34.5% wheat bran plus 2% of Fat powder were. In the final week of the experiment, the dietary residue was collected and weighed daily to determine the daily intake of food, and the difference in feed in the feeder and feed residue showed that feed intake of 3 treatments did not differ significantly. (p>0.05). Subsequently, after measuring the digestibility of the feed by acid insoluble ash, it was found that digestibility of dry matter, crude protein, ADF and organic matter was more than other treatments in the control treatment and this difference was significant (p<0.05) but NDF digestibility was not significant among treatments (p>0.05). Ruminal fluid was obtained from each livestock three hours after feeding by the Stomach tube. After pH measurement by pH meter, this parameter was higher in treatments 2 and 3 than the control treatment that their difference was also significant (p<0.05). The daily milk yield of goats was measured and it was observed that the milk yield of the control treatment was higher than the rest of the treatments and the differences between them were significant (p<0.05). Milk samples were analyzed by Milko-Scan machine of Bashir factory in Mashhad and it was found that only percentage of milk fat was significantly different between treatments (p> 0.05) and treatment 3 had the highest percentage of milk fat (p<0.05). The yield of milk production among treatments was significant, with the highest efficiency related to treatment 3 (p<0.05). Also, the energy in milk of three treatments based on milk fat was estimated and it was found that milk energy of treatments 1 and 2 were not significantly different (p<0.05) but milk energy of treatment 3 was higher than the other two treatments and this difference was significant (p<0.05). Finally, the difference in body weight of goats in each of the three treatments was calculated at the beginning and the end of the experiment, and it was determined that at the end of the experiment, the differences in body weight of the animals were not significantly different (p>0.05). In general, it can be concluded that complete removal of barley from ration of goats is not logical, and if it is decided to do so on the basis of competitive and economic conditions, it is better to add about 2% of the fat content to the rations of the livestock. Of course, due to the high cost of this supplement compared to barley, the cost of livestock feed has increased, which increases the price of milk produced and its compounds.
Full-Text [PDF 815 kb]   (7274 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: تغذیه نشخوارکنندگان
Received: 2018/03/7 | Revised: 2018/11/27 | Accepted: 2018/05/29 | Published: 2018/11/27

1. Abii, J.U., P.A. Iji, N.N. Umunna and N.I. Dim. 1993. The replacement value of wheat bran for cotton seed cake and maize in diets for sheep. Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa, 41: 65-69.
2. Andrade, P.V. and P. Schmidely. 2006. Effect of duodenal infusion of trans 10, cis 12-CLA on milk performance and milk fatty acid profile in dairy goats fed high or low concentrate diet in combination with rolled canola seed. Reproduction Nutrition Development Journal, 46: 31-48. [DOI:10.1051/rnd:2005062]
3. Apprich, S., O. Tirpanalan and J. Hell. 2013. Wheat bran-based biorefinery 2: valorisation of products. Food Science and Technology, 5: 222-231. [DOI:10.1016/j.lwt.2013.12.003]
4. AOAC. 2005. Association of official analytical chemists. Official Methods of Analysis. 18th ed. Gaithersburg. USA.
5. Ash, A.J. and B.W. Norton. 1987. Studies with Australian Cashmere goat. I. Effect of dietary protein concentration and feeding levels on body composition of male and female goats. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 38: 971-982. [DOI:10.1071/AR9870971]
6. Bartnik, M. and T. Jacubczyk. 1989. Chemical composition and nutritive value of wheat bran. World review of nutrition and dietetics, 60: 92-131. [DOI:10.1159/000417521]
7. Brown-Crowder, E.I., S.P. Hart, M. Cameron, T. Sahlu and A.L. Goetsch. 2001. Effects of dietary tallow level on performance of alpine does in early lactation. Small Ruminant Research, 39: 233-241. [DOI:10.1016/S0921-4488(00)00197-8]
8. Chilliard, Y., A. Ferlay and M. Doreau. 2001. Effect of different types of forage, animal fat or marine oils in cow's diet on milk fat secretion and composition, especially conjugated linoliec acid (CLA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Livestock Production Science, 70: 31-48. [DOI:10.1016/S0301-6226(01)00196-8]
9. Chilliard, Y., A. Ferlay, J. Rouel and G. Lamberet. 2003. A review of nutrition and physiological factor affecting goat milk lipid synthesis and lipolysis. Journal of Dairy Science, 86: 1751-1770. [DOI:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(03)73761-8]
10. Christensen, R.A., M.R. Cameron, T.H. Klusmeyer, J.P. Elliot, J.H. Clark, D.R. Nelson and Y. Yu. 1993. Influence of amount and degradability of dietary protein on nitrogen utilization by dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 76: 3497-3513. [DOI:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(93)77689-4]
11. Coe, M.L., T.G. Nagaraja, Y.D. Sun, N. Wallace, E.G. Towne, K.E. Kemp and J.P. Hutcheson. 1999. Effect of virginiamycin on ruminal fermentation in cattle during adaptation to a high concentrate diet and during an induced acidosis. Journal of Animal Science, 77: 2259-2268. [DOI:10.2527/1999.7782259x]
12. Curti, E., E. Carini, G. Bonacini, G. Tribuzio and E. Vittadini. 2013. Effect of the addition of bran fractions on bread properties. Journal of Cereal Science, 57: 325-332. [DOI:10.1016/j.jcs.2012.12.003]
13. Dado, R.G. and M.S. Allen. 1996. Enhanced intake and production of cows offered ensiled alfalfa with higher neutral detergent fibre digestibility. Journal of Dairy Science, 79: 418-428. [DOI:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(96)76381-6]
14. FAO. 2015. World Agriculture. http://wheatatlas.org/country/IRN.
15. Fehr, P.M. and D. Sauvant. 1978. Nutrition and optimum performance of dairy goats. Livestock Production Science, 5: 203-213. [DOI:10.1016/0301-6226(78)90046-5]
16. Friedt, A.D. and J.J. McKinnon. 2012. Effects of feeding wheat bran and condensed liquid whey in diets of growing cattle. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 92: 501-504. [DOI:10.4141/cjas2012-056]
17. Gooding, M. 2009. The wheat crop, in: Khan, K and P. Shewry (eds.) Wheat: Chemistry and Technology. Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA, 19-51 pp. [DOI:10.1094/9781891127557.002]
18. Hossain, K., C. Ulven and K. Glover. 2013. Interdependence of cultivar and environment on fibre composition in wheat bran. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 7: 525-531.
19. Islam, M.S., M. Khan and A. Reza. 2009. Effect of wheat bran substitution for corn and dehydrated alfaalfa on finishing lambs. Journal of Animal Science, 38: 61-66. [DOI:10.3329/bjas.v38i1-2.9913]
20. Khan, M.A.S., F. Dolberg and M.A. Akbar. 1992. Effect of fishmeal and wheat bran diet on the performance of local lactating cow in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science, 21: 37-42. [DOI:10.1017/S0308229600022194]
21. Khatibi Bardsiri, A., R. Tahmasbi, O. Dayani and A. Khezri. 2017. The Effect of Level of Feed Intake on Digestibility, Nitrogen Balance and Microbial Protein Synthesis in Sheep. Research on Animal Production, 8: 18-24 (In Persian). [DOI:10.29252/rap.8.15.18]
22. Kung, L. and J.T. Huber. 1983. Performance of high producing cows in early lactation fed protein of raring amounts sources and degradability. Journal of Dairy Science, 66: 227-234. [DOI:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(83)81781-0]
23. McGregor, B.A. 1984. Growth, development and carcass composition of goat. Proceedings of the workshop, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Canberra, Australia, 82-90 pp.
24. Montgomery, M. and B.R. Baumgardt. 1965. Regulation of food intake in ruminants. 1. Pelleted rations varying in energy concentrations. Journal of Dairy Science, 48: 569-574. [DOI:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(65)88286-8]
25. Neyrinck, A.M., F. De Backer, P. Cani, L.B. Bindels, A. Stroobants, D. Portelle and N.M. Delzenne. 2008. Immunomodulatory properties of two wheat bran fractions-aleurone enriched and crude fractions- in obese mice. International Immunopharmacol, 8: 1423-1432. [DOI:10.1016/j.intimp.2008.05.015]
26. Nocek, J.E. 1997. Bovine acidosis: implications on laminitis. Journal of Dairy Science, 80: 1005-1028. [DOI:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(97)76026-0]
27. NRC. 2007. Nutrient Requirement for Dairy Cattle. Academy press Washington, D, C. cereal.
28. Palmquist, D.L. 1984. Use of fats in diets for lactating dairy cows. In: J. Wiseman (ed), Fats in Animal Nutrition. 357-381 pp., Butterworths, Boston, USA. [DOI:10.1016/B978-0-408-10864-5.50025-5]
29. Posner, E. 2009. Wheat flour milling, In: Khan, K and P. Shewry (eds.) Wheat: Chemistry and Technology. Saint Paul, Minnesota, 119-153 pp. [DOI:10.1094/9781891127557.005]
30. Rapetti, L., G.M. Crovetto, G. Galassi, A. Sandrucci, G. Succi, A. Tamburini and G. Battelli. 2002. Effect of Maize, Rumen-Protected Fat and Whey Permeate on Energy Utilization and Milk Fat Composition in Lactating Goats. Italalian Journal of Animal Science, 1: 43-53. [DOI:10.4081/ijas.2002.43]
31. Sampelayo, M.R.S., J.J.M. Alonso, L. Perez, F.G. Extremera and J. Boza. 2004. Dietary Supplements for Lactating Goats by Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid-Rich Protected Fat. Effects after Supplement Withdrawal. Journal of Dairy Science, 87: 1796-1802. [DOI:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(04)73335-4]
32. Sampelayo, M.R.S., L. Perez, J.J. Martin Alenso, L. Amigo and J. Boza. 2002. Effects of Concentrates with Different Contents of Protected Fat Rich in PUFAs on the Performance of Lactating Granadina Goats. Small Ruminant Research, 43: 141-148. [DOI:10.1016/S0921-4488(02)00007-X]
33. Sebsibe, A., N.H. Casey, W.A. Vanniekerk, A. Tegegne and R.J. Coertze. 2007. Growth performance and carcass characteristics of three Ethiopian goat breeds fed grain less diets varying in concentrate to roughage ratios. South African Journal of Animal Science, 37: 221-232. [DOI:10.4314/sajas.v37i4.4094]
34. Shahjalal, M., H. Galbraith and J.H. Topps. 1992. The effect of changes in dietary protein and energy on growth, body composition and mohair fiber characteristics of British Angora goats. Journal of Animal Production, 54: 405-412. [DOI:10.1017/S0003356100020869]
35. Sherwood, L., H. Klandorf and P. Yancey. 2005. Animal Physiology: from genes to organisms. 2rd edn., Thompson Books Cole, USA, 816 pp.
36. Singh, P., A.K. Garg, R. Malik and D.K. Agrawal. 1999. Effect of replacing barley grain with wheat bran on intake and utilization of nutrients in adult sheep. Small Ruminant Research, 31: 215-219. [DOI:10.1016/S0921-4488(98)00145-X]
37. Sung, H.G., Y. Kobayashi, J. Chang, A. Ha, I.H. Hwang and J.K. Ha. 2007. Low ruminal pH reduced dietary fibre digestion via reduced microbial attachment. Asian Australas Journal of Animal Science, 20: 200-207. [DOI:10.5713/ajas.2007.200]
38. Teh, T.H. 1994. Varying amounts of rumen-inert fat for high producing goats in early lactation. Journal of Dairy Science, 77: 253-258. [DOI:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(94)76948-4]
39. Verstegen, M.W.A. and S. Tamminga. 2005. The challenges in animal nutrition in the 21st century. Proceedings of the 12th International Symposium on Animal Nutrition, Kosovar, Hungary, 3-30 pp.
40. Van Soest, P.J., J.B. Robertson and B.A. Lewis. 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science, 74: 3583-3598. [DOI:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(91)78551-2]
41. Van Keulen, J. and B.A. Young. 1977. Evaluation of acid-insoluble ash as a natural marker in ruminant digestibility studies. Journal of Animal Science, 44: 282-295. [DOI:10.2527/jas1977.442282x]
42. Yagoub, Y.M. and S.A. Babiker. 2008. Effect of dietary energy level on growth and carcass characteristics of female goats in Sudan. Livestock Research and Rural Development, 20: 12-17.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Research On Animal Production

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb