Format of Manuscript Preparation

 | Post date: 2023/02/17 | 
Format of Manuscript Preparation
It is important that the manuscript be written according to the Journal format. Submission to this journal proceeds totally online and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files through the web site of the Journal as: http://rap.sanru.ac.ir
Essential title page information
The title page must be prepared and uploaded separately from the main text with the following information:
• Title. Concise and informative and not more than 15 words.
• Author names and affiliations. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the work was actually done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a superscript number immediately after the author's name and also in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation and if available, the e-mail address of each author.
• Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that phone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.
• Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript numerals are used for such footnotes.
Paper configuration
Each paper should have the following distinct sections: Title, Abstract and up to five Keywords, Introduction, Material and methods, Results and discussion, Conclusion, and References. The Acknowledgment (briefly), Recommendations and Nomenclature can also be added. Each section should be prepared as follow:

Abstract: A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. It should not exceed 250 words. The abstract is presented separately from the article in a single paragraph, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided.  Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
Keywords: Up to five keywords appear immediately after the abstract with alphabetical order.
Introduction: Clearly state the research problem and the necessity of research, the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
Material and Methods: Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described. For the analytical and modeling works a section may be added as “Theory”.
Results and Discussion: Results should be clear and concise. The discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
Conclusion: The main conclusion of the study is presented in a short Conclusion section, which should be stand alone.
Paper layout
The main text should be prepared in A4 paper size, with 1.5 line spacing and all margins of 3 cm. All pages should be numbered sequentially and not more than 15 pages. All lines should be numbered continuously by applying the “Line numbering” command of MS Word.

Fonts
  • All writings should be written using Times New Roman font. Both American and British English format are accepted, but not their mixture!
  • The font size for title is 14 point and for the main text is 12 point.
  • The subtitles should be written in Bold and font size of 12 point.
Units
Please use SI units only. It is not necessary to give the SI unit and (say) its Imperial equivalent. Engineering Notation, where units are in multiples of 1,000, should be used. Thus, we wish to see the use of mm and m and not cm. Use exponent form instead of conventional format (e.g. m s-1 and NOT m/s).
Math formulae
Present simple formulae in the line of normal text where possible. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text in the right margin (if referred to explicitly in the text).
Tables
Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. The Table caption appears above the Table with font size of 9. Use no border for the Tables.
Figures
Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used (preferably in the caption). The caption should allow the reader to understand the main elements of what is being shown without needing to refer to the main text. The Figure caption appears below the Figure and written with font size of 10 points. Use no border for the Figures. The font size within the Figure should not smaller than 8 point and bigger than 10 point. Try to present the Figures in gray scale instead of color illustration. The followings are a sample of Table and Figure.

Table 1-Experiments designed by response surface methodology and calculated responses to investigate the effect of independent variables on foam properties
Run*
 
Independent variables Dependent variables (Responces)**
Surfactant concentration (%) Whipping speed (rpm) Whipping time (min) Overrun (%) Drainage (mL)
X1 X2 X3 Y1 Y2
1 10 1100 25 61.016 ± 1.419 0.333 ± 0.577
2 6 3250 15 52.381 ± 0.639 1.666 ± 0.577
3 6 3250 15 53.488 ± 0.639 2.000 ± 0.577
4 2 3250 15 35.484 ± 2.083 10.000 ± 0.577
5 10 3250 15 60.784 ± 0.854 0.333 ± 0.577
6 10 1100 5 45.840 ± 2.931 0.333 ± 0.577
7 6 5400 15 54.819 ± 2.166 1.666 ± 0.577
8 6 1100 15 45.920 ± 1.462 1.666 ± 0.577
9 6 3250 25 52.750 ± 0.639 3.666 ± 1.000
10 2 1100 25 34.722 ± 2.405 21.000 ± 1.000
11 2 5400 5 37.459 ± 1.955 4.666 ± 0.577
12 6 3250 15 52.381 ± 0.639 1.000 ± 0.577
13 6 3250 5 49.573 ± 0.740 0.333 ± 0.577
14 2 1100 5 11.584 ± 2.749 14.666 ± 1.000
15 10 5400 25 57.434 ± 0.905 1.000 ± 1.000
16 2 5400 25 26.190 ± 0.584 11.000 ± 0.577
17 10 5400 15 61.780 ± 1.149 0.333 ± 0.577
* The order is random and the number of runs does not match the order of the experiments.
** The data shown are the standard deviation ± mean.




References
Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Avoid anonymous references. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.
Reference style
Use "Author, Date" style for list of references and citations all in English language using Times New Roman font size of 10 point as follow:
Citations
Single author: (Loghavi, 2008).
Two authors: (Aghkhani and Abbaspour-Fard, 2009).
Three authors and more: (Abbaspour-Fard et al., 2008).
Multiple citations: (Smith, 1999; Samuel et al., 2008; Smith and Samuel, 2009)
Use the complete name of the journals instead of their abbreviations.
List of References
Journal article
Guardeno, L. M., Hernando, I., Llorca, E., HernándezCarrión, M., & Quiles, A. (2012). Microstructural, physical, and sensory impact of starch, inulin, and soy protein in lowfat gluten and lactose free white sauces. Journal of Food Science, 77(8), 859-865. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2012.02798.x.

Special issue
Rice, K. (1992). Theory and conceptual issues. In: Gall, G. A. E., Staton, M. (Eds.), Integrating Conservation Biology and Agricultural Production. Agricultural Ecosystems Environment: 9-26.
Reference to a Book
Gaugh, H. G. (1992). Statistical Analysis of Regional Yield Trials. Elsevier. Amsterdam.
Reference to a chapter in an edited book
Mettam, G. R., & L. B. Adams. (1999). How to prepare an electronic version of your article. PP 281-304 in B. S. Jones and R. Z. Smith eds. Introduction to the Electronic Age.
E-Publishing Inc., New York
.

Reference to a thesis or dissertation (if you can, avoid this type of reference)
Abbaspour-Fard, M. H. (2001). The dynamic behavior of particulate biomaterials using discrete element method (DEM). Faculty of Agriculture. Newcastle University, Newcastle Upon Tyne.
Reference to a conference proceeding
Hemmat, A., V. I. Adamchuk, & P. Jasa. (2007). On-the-go soil strength sensing using an instrumented disc coulter. International Agricultural Engineering Conference (IAEC). Asian Association for Agricultural Engineering, Bangkok, Thailand.
Web references
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be included in the reference list e.g.:
Brittion, A. (2006). How much and how often should we drink British Medical Journal, 332: 1224-1225. Available at: http://bmj.bjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/332/7552/1224. Accessed 2 June 2006.
Miscellaneous
  • All submitted papers will be peer reviewed by some accredited referees under the supervision of the editorial board and if accepted will be put in queue for publication based on the date of acceptance and other journal’s rules and regulations. 
  • The editorial board of the Journal keeps their right to accept or reject any of the submitted papers.
  • No change can be made on a paper which has been proof read by the authors.   

Persian abstract
The title, abstract, and Persian keywords should be at the bottom of the article.

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