Volume 9, Issue 20 (10-2018)                   rap 2018, 9(20): 61-69 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Shakeri P, Riasi A, Madahian A. (2018). Use of Pistachio By-Product Extracts by Different Solvents to Reduce Ruminal Degradability of Canola Meal Protein. rap. 9(20), 61-69. doi:10.29252/rap.9.20.61
URL: http://rap.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-827-en.html
Abstract:   (3419 Views)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of different doses of pistachio by-products (PBP) extracts on the protein protection from ruminal degradability in canola meals. PBP were extracted by four different solvents, i.e. 70% ethanol, 80% methanol, a mixture of chloroform and methanol, and water. Then, an in situ trial was conducted to determine ruminal degradability and disappearance (three head of castracted Taleshi male calves) and post ruminal (DaisyII incubator (of proteins in canola meal with 0.5 and 1 % tannins of PBP extracts supplementation. The total extraction of tannin contents with water, ethanol, methanol and mixture of chloroform and methanol extracts of PBP were 37.11, 9.64, 56.87 and 7.55 %, respectively. Canola meal supplementation with 0.5 % tannin from water and 1 % tannin from ethanol extracts decreased the protein ruminal disappearance (P < 0.01) without any negative effect on total gastrointestinal tract disappearance of protein. Also, the addition of 0.5 and 1 % water extracted tannin to canola meal reduced (P < 0.01) the ruminal degradability of rapidly degradable proteins. In conclusion, the results showed that tannins of water and methanol of PBP extracts could be effective on canola meals protein protection from ruminal degradability; however, the use of tannin from water extract of PBP can be more economical and practical.
Full-Text [PDF 525 kb]   (1113 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: تغذیه نشخوارکنندگان
Received: 2017/11/1 | Revised: 2018/10/6 | Accepted: 2018/03/14 | Published: 2018/10/3

1. Abdi benmar, H. and A. Sobhani Senjabod. 2014. Comparison of in vitro and in situ techniques for estimating dry matter degradability in some feedstuffs. Research on Animal Production, 5(10): 98-112.
2. Adesogan, A.T. 2005. Effect of bag type on the apparent digestibility of feeds in Ankom DaisyII incubators. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 119: 333-344. [DOI:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2004.09.012]
3. Al-Dobaib, S.N. 2009. Effect of different levels of quebracho tannin on nitrogen utilization and growth performance of Najdi sheep fed alfalfa (Medicago sativa) hay as a sole diet. Journal of Animal Science, 80: 532-541. [DOI:10.1111/j.1740-0929.2009.00662.x]
4. Alipour, D. and Y. Rouzbehan. 2010. Effects of several levels of extracted tannin from grape pomace on intestinal digestibility of soybean meal. Livestock Science, 128: 87-91. [DOI:10.1016/j.livsci.2009.11.003]
5. AOAC. 2000. Association of official analytical chemists. Official Methods of Analysis. 17th ed. Arlington. VA.
6. Billo, M., P. Cabalion, J. Waikedre, C. Fourneau, S. Bouttier, R. Hocquemiller and A. Fournet. 2005. Screening of some new caledonian and vanuatu medicinal plants for antimycobacterial activity. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 96: 195-200. [DOI:10.1016/j.jep.2004.09.008]
7. Broderick, G.A. 2006. Nutritional strategies to reduce crude protein in dairy diets, 21st Annual Southwest Nutrition and Management Conference February 23-24.
8. Chen, X.B. 1995. "Fitcurve" macro, IFRU, The Macaulay Institute, Aberdeen, UK.
9. Colmenero Olmos, J.J. and G.A. Broderick. 2006. Effect of dietary crude protein concentration on milk production and nitrogen utilization in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 89(5): 1704-1712. [DOI:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(06)72238-X]
10. Dentinho, M.T.P., O.C. Moreira, M.S. Pereira and R.J.B. Bessa. 2007. The use of a tannin crude extract from Cistus ladanifer L. to protect soybean protein from degradation in the rumen. Animal, 1: 645-650. [DOI:10.1017/S1751731107689745]
11. Gurbuz, Y. 2006. Determination of nutritive value of leaves of several Vitis vinifera varieties as a source of alternative feedstuff for sheep using in vitro and in situ measurements. Small Ruminant Research, 71: 59-66. [DOI:10.1016/j.smallrumres.2006.04.009]
12. Jolazadeh, A., R.M. Dehghan-banadaki and K. Rezayazdi. 2015. Effects of soybean meal treated with tannins extracted from pistachio hulls on performance, ruminal fermentation, blood metabolites and nutrient digestion of Holstein bulls. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 203: 33-40. [DOI:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2015.02.005]
13. Makkar, H.P.S. 2003. Quantification of tannins in tree and shrub foliage: A laboratory manual. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations/International Atomic Energy Agency. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands, 102 pp. [DOI:10.1007/978-94-017-0273-7]
14. Mokhtarpour, A., A.A. Naserian, R. Valizadeh, M. Danesh Mesgaran and F. Pourmollae. 2014 Extraction of phenolic compounds and tannins from pistachio by-products. Annual Research & Review in Biology, 4(8): 1330-1338. [DOI:10.9734/ARRB/2014/7793]
15. Newbold, C.J., F.M. McIntosh, P. Williams, R. Losa and R.J. Wallace. 2004. Effects of a specific blend of essential oil compounds on rumen fermentation. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 114: 105-112. [DOI:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2003.12.006]
16. NRC. 2001. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle, 7th Ed., National Academy of Sciences. Press, Washington, DC.
17. Ok Hwan, L., L. Boo Yong, L. Junsoo, L. Hee Bong, S. Jong Youn, P. Cheon Seok, S. Kalidas and K. Young Cheul. 2009. Assessment of phenolics-enriched extract and fractions of olive leaves and their antioxidant activities. Bioresource Technology, 100: 6107-6113. [DOI:10.1016/j.biortech.2009.06.059]
18. Ørskov, E.R., F.D. Deb hovel and F. mould. 1980. The use of the nylon bag technique for the evaluation of feed stuffs. Tropical Animal Production, 5: 195-213.
19. Patra, A.K. and J. Saxena. 2011. Exploitation of dietary tannins to improve rumen metabolism and ruminant nutrition. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 91: 24-37. [DOI:10.1002/jsfa.4152]
20. Rajaei Sharifabadi, H. and A.A. Naserian. 2014. Growth performance and nitrogen retention in lambs fed diets containing two different levels of crude protein supplemented with pistachio by-product extract as a source of tannins. Research opinions in animal and veterinary sciences, 4(5): 273-280.
21. Rajaei, A., M. Barzegar, A. Mohabati, M.A. Mobarez Sahari and Z. Hamidi Esfahan. 2010. Antioxidant, anti-microbial and antimutagenicity activitiesof pistachio (Pistachia vera) green hull extract. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 48: 107-112. [DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2009.09.023]
22. Santos, G.T., R.L. Oliveira and H.V. Petit. 2000. Effect if tannic acid on composition and ruminal degradability of Bermuda grass and alfalfa silages. Journal of Dairy Science, 83: 2016-2020. [DOI:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(00)75080-6]
23. SAS. 2003. SAS User's Guide Statistics. Version 9.1 Edition. SAS Inst., Inc., Cary NC.
24. Schwab, C.G., S.E. Boucher and B.K. Sloan. 2007. Metabolizable protein and amino acid nutrition of the cow. Proceedings of the Cornell Nutrition Conference for Feed Manufacturers, 121-138.
25. Shakeri, P., A. Riasi and M. Alikhani. 2014. Effects of long period feeding pistachio by-product silage on chewing activity, nutrient digestibility and ruminal fermentation parameters of Holstein male calves. Animal, 8: 1826-1831. [DOI:10.1017/S1751731114001621]
26. Shakeri, P., M.H. Ghaffari and H. Fazeli. 2016. Pistachio by-product as a forage source for ruminant nutrition: A review. (Part A: Reservation, chemical composition, feed intake, performance, and digestibility). Animal Science Journal (Pajuhesh & Sazandegi), 112: 129-144 (In Persian).
27. Shakeri, P., Z. Durmic, J. Vadhanabhuti and P.E. Vercoe. 2017. Products derived from olive leaves and fruits can alter in vitro ruminal fermentation and methane production. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 97: 1367-1372. [DOI:10.1002/jsfa.7876]
28. Sharifi, M., A.A. Naserian and H. Khorasani. 2013. Effect of tannin extract from pistachio by product on in vitro gas production. The Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science, 3(4): 667-671.
29. Van Soest, P.J., J.B. Robertson and B.A. Lewis. 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber and non starch polysaccharide in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science, 74: 3583-3597. [DOI:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(91)78551-2]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Research On Animal Production

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb