Volume 8, Issue 16 (11-2017)                   Res Anim Prod 2017, 8(16): 21-28 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

(2017). Effect of Pectinase and Dried Citrus Pulp on Performance, Nutrient Digestibility and Intestinal Characteristics of Broiler Chickens . Res Anim Prod. 8(16), 21-28. doi:10.29252/rap.8.16.21
URL: http://rap.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-800-en.html
Abstract:   (3877 Views)
The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dried citrus pulp(0, 5, and 10%) and pectinase enzyme supplementation (0 and 2000 unit per kg) on feed intake, body weight gain, feed conversion ratio, nutrient digestibility and the internal organ size of broiler chickens. A total of 240 one day old male Ross 308 broiler chicks were used in a factorial arrangement (2×3) based on a completely randomized design. Each of 6 dietary treatments was given to 4 replicate pens from 1 to 42 d of age.  At the end of each phase (starter, grower and finisher) feed intake and body weight gain were measured and feed conversion ratio was calculated. At the end of the experiment (day 42) nutrient digestibility, digesta pH of gizzard and ileum and relative weight of internal organs were measured. The results showed that dietary supplementation with pectinase did not affect measured parameters throughout the experiment (p>0.05), whereas inclusion of dried citrus pulp linearly reduced (p≤0.05) the growth performance parameters, the digestibility of DM and CP as well as pH of digesta in gizzard during the experiment. No interaction effect was observed between pectinase and dried citrus pulp in any measured parameters (p>0.05). It is concluded that the dietary incorporation of 100 g/kg citrus pulp reduced nutrient digestibility and increased the size of gastrointestinal tract, and consequently decreased growth performance of broilers.
Full-Text [PDF 723 kb]   (1463 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/10/30 | Revised: 2017/11/1 | Accepted: 2017/10/30 | Published: 2017/10/30

References
1. AOAC. 2000. Official Methods of Analysis. 17th ed. Assoc. Off. Analytical Chemistry Washington, DC.
2. Agu, P.N., O.I.A. Oluremi and C.D. Tuleun. 2010. Nutritional evaluation of sweet orange (Citrus Sinensis) fruit peel as a feed resource in broiler production. International Journal of Poultry Science, 9: 684-688. [DOI:10.3923/ijps.2010.684.688]
3. Akbari, M. 1997. Comparison of different methods to predict digestibility in sheep. M.Sc. Thesis of animal science. Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, 45-53.
4. Almirall, M. and E. Esteve-Garcia. 1994. Rate of passage of barley diets with chromium oxide: influence of age and poultry strain and effect of ß-glucanase supplementation. Poultry Science, 73:1433-1440. [DOI:10.3382/ps.0731433]
5. Aviagen. 2007. Ros 308, Broiler nutrition specifications. Aviagen Inc., Huntsville, Alabama, USA.
6. Bampidis, V. and P. Robinson. 2006. Citrus by-products as ruminant feeds: A review. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 128: 175-217. [DOI:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2005.12.002]
7. Bedford, M. and H. Classen. 1993. An in vitro assay for prediction of broiler intestinal viscosity and growth when fed rye-based diets in the presence of exogenous enzymes. Poultry Science, 72: 137-143. [DOI:10.3382/ps.0720137]
8. Brenes, A., R. Marquardt, W. Guenter and B. Rotter. 1993. Effect of enzyme supplementation on the nutritional value of raw, autoclaved, and dehulled lupins (Lupinus albus) in chicken diets. Poultry Science, 72: 2281-2293. [DOI:10.3382/ps.0722281]
9. Choct, M. and A. Kocher. 2000. Non-starch carbohydrates: Digestion and its secondary effects in monogastrics. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society of Australia, 31-38
10. Choct, M., R.J. Hughes, J. Wang, M.R. Bedford, A.J. Morgan and G. Annison. 1996. Increased small intestinal fermentation is partly responsible for the anti-nutritive activity of non-starch polysaccharides in chickens. British Poultry Science, 37: 609-621. [DOI:10.1080/00071669608417891]
11. Cgesson, A. 2001. Non-Starch Polysaccharide degrading enzymes in poultry diets: Influence of ingredient on the selection of activities. World's Poultry Science Journal, 57: 109-126. [DOI:10.1079/WPS20010018]
12. Duncan, B. 1955. A methodological analysis of segregation indexes. American Sociological Review, 20: 210-217. [DOI:10.2307/2088328]
13. Esmaeilipour, O., M. Shivazad, H. Moravej, S. Aminzadeh, M. Rezaian and M.M. Van Krimpen. 2011. Effects of xylanase and citric acid on the performance, nutrient retention, and characteristics of gastrointestinal tract of broilers fed low-phosphorus wheat-based diets. Poultry Science, 90: 1975-1982. [DOI:10.3382/ps.2010-01264]
14. Fengler, A.I. and R.R. Marquardt. 1988. Water-soluble pentosans from rye: I. Isolation, partial purification, and characterization. Cereal Chemistry, 65: 291-297.
15. Johnson, I. and J.M. Gee. 1981. Effect of gel-forming gums on the intestinal unstirred layer and sugar transport in vitro, 22: 398-403. [DOI:10.1136/gut.22.5.398]
16. Jong-Kyu, H.A., S.W. Kim and W.Y. Kim. 1996. Use of agro-industrial by-product as animal feed in korea. Animal Science Technology. College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Republic of Korea, 441-744.
17. Jozefiak, D., A. Rutkowski and S.A. Martin. 2004. Carbohydrate fermentation in the avian ceca: a review. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 113:1-15. [DOI:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2003.09.007]
18. Jozefiak, D., A. Rutkowski, B.B. Jensen and R.M. Engberg. 2007. Effects of dietary inclusion of triticale, rye and wheat and xylanase supplementation on growth performance of broiler chickens and fermentation in the gastrointestinal tract. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 132: 79-93. [DOI:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2006.03.011]
19. Kwee, W.H. 1970. Recovery of nutrients from tomato cannery wastes and vines-their functional and nutritional properties. Ph. D. dissertation, Maryland University, College Park, MD. USA.
20. Lanza, A. 1982. Dried citrus pulp in animal feeding.In Proceedings of the food industry and the environment international symposium Budapest (Hungary), pp: 189-198.
21. Lázaro, R., M. Garcia, P. Medel, and G. Mateos. 2003. Influence of enzymes on performance and digestive parameters of broilers fed rye-based diets. Poultry Science, 82:1, 132-140. [DOI:10.1093/ps/82.1.132]
22. Liadakis, G.N., C. Tzia, V. Oreopoulou and C.D. Thomopoulos. 1995. Protein isolation from tomato seed meal, extraction optimization. Journal of Food Science, 60(3): 477-482. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2621.1995.tb09807.x]
23. Morgan, A., M. Bedford, A. Tervila-Wilo, M. Hopeakoski-Nurminen, K. Autio, K. Poutanen and T. Parkkonen. 1995. How enzymes improve the nutritional value of wheat. Zootechnica International, 44-48.
24. Mourão, J.L., V. Pinheiro, J. Prates, R. Bessa, L. Ferreira, C. Fontes and P. Ponte. 2008. Effect of dietary dehydrated pasture and citrus pulp on the performance and meat quality of broiler chickens. Poultry Science, 87(4): 733-743. [DOI:10.3382/ps.2007-00411]
25. Oluremi, O.I.A., F.N. Okafor, A.Y. Adenkola and K.T. Orayaga. 2010. Effect of Fermentation of Sweet Orange (Citrus sinensis) Fruit Peel on its Phytonutrients and the Performance of Broiler Starter. International Journal of Poultry Science, 9: 546-549. [DOI:10.3923/ijps.2010.546.549]
26. Partridge, G. and C. Wyatt. 1995. More flexibility with new generation of enzymes. World Poultry, 11:17-21
27. Pettersson, D. and P. Aman. 1989. Enzyme supplementation of a poultry diet containing wheat and rye. British Journal Nutrition, 62:139-149. [DOI:10.1079/BJN19890014]
28. Rebolé, A., L. Ortiz, M.L. Rodríguez, C. Alzueta, J. Treviño and S. Velasco. 2010. Effects of inulin and enzyme complex, individually or in combination, on growth performance, intestinal microflora, cecal fermentation characteristics, and jejunal histomorphology in broiler chickens fed a wheat-and barley-based diet. Poultry Science, 89: 276-286. [DOI:10.3382/ps.2009-00336]
29. Roberts, J. and M. Choct. 2006. Effects of commercial enzyme preparations on egg and eggshell quality in laying hens. British Poultry Science, 47: 501-510. [DOI:10.1080/00071660600834175]
30. Scott, M.L., M.C. Nesheim and R.J. Young. 1976. Nutrition of the Chicken. M. L. Scott and Associates, Ithaca,
31. Statistical Analysis System. 2001. User's Guide: Statistics, Version 8.2. SAS Institute, Carry, NC, USA.
32. Silva, S. and R. Smithard. 2002. Effect of enzyme supplementation of a rye-based diet on xylanase activity in the small intestine of broilers, on intestinal crypt cell proliferation and on nutrient digestibility and growth performance of the birds. British Poultry Science, 43: 274-282. [DOI:10.1080/00071660120121508]
33. Smits, C.H. and G. Annison. 1996. Non-starch plant polysaccharides in broiler nutrition-towards a physiologically valid approach to their determination. World's Poultry Science Journal, 52: 203-221. [DOI:10.1079/WPS19960016]
34. Tabook, N., I. Kadim, O. Mahgoub and W. Al-Marzooqi. 2006. The effect of date fibre supplemented with an exogenous enzyme on the performance and meat quality of broiler chickens. British Poultry Science, 47(1): 73-82. [DOI:10.1080/00071660500475160]
35. Wang, Z., S. Qiao, W. Lu and D. Li. 2005. Effects of enzyme supplementation on performance, nutrient digestibility, gastrointestinal morphology and volatile fatty acid profiles in the hindgut of broilers fed wheat-based diets. Poultry Science, 84: 875-881. [DOI:10.1093/ps/84.6.875]
36. Ward, A.T. and R.R. Marquardt. 1987. Antinutritional activity of a water-soluble pentosan-rich fraction from rye grain. Poultry Science, 66: 1665-1674. [DOI:10.3382/ps.0661665]
37. Zhou, Y., Z. Jiang, D. Lv and T. Wang. 2009. Improved energyutilizing efficiency by enzyme preparation supplement in broiler diets with different metabolizable energy levels. Poultry Science, 88: 316-322. [DOI:10.3382/ps.2008-00231]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Research On Animal Production

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb