دوره 10، شماره 25 - ( پاییز 1398 )                   جلد 10 شماره 25 صفحات 104-111 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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kamel K, hafezian H, gholizadeh M. Estimation of Genetic Parameters for Production and Reproduction Traits of Holstein Cows of Mazandaran Province using Bayesian Approach. rap. 2019; 10 (25) :104-111
URL: http://rap.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-981-fa.html
کامل کوثر، حافظیان حسن، قلی زاده محسن. برآورد پارامترهای ژنتیکی صفات تولیدی و تولید مثلی در گاوهای هلشتاین استان مازندران با روش بیزی. پژوهشهاي توليدات دامي. 1398; 10 (25) :104-111

URL: http://rap.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-981-fa.html


گروه علوم دامی دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری
چکیده:   (610 مشاهده)
   اﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺑﻪ­ﻣﻨﻈﻮر ﺑﺮآورد ﭘﺎراﻣﺘﺮﻫﺎی ژﻧﺘﻴﻜﻲ و فنوتیپی ﺻﻔﺎت ﺗﻮﻟﻴـﺪی و ﺗﻮﻟﻴـﺪﻣﺜﻠـﻲ در ﮔـﺎوﻫـﺎی ﻫﻠﺸـﺘﺎﻳﻦ استان مازندران انجام شد. برای این منظور از تعداد 39792 رکورد مربوط به گاوهای هلشتاین که طی سال­های 1365 تا 1394 توسط شرکت شیر و گوشت مهدشت جمع ­آوری شده بود استفاده شد. ﺻﻔﺎت ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪی ﺷﺎﻣﻞ رﻛﻮردﻫﺎی ﺗﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﺷﺪه 305 روز ﺷﻴﺮ، ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﭼﺮﺑﻲ و تولید پروتئین و ﺻﻔﺎت تولیدمثلی ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺳﻦ زاﻳﺶ اول، ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ گوساله­ زایی، ﻃﻮل دوره ﺧﺸﻜﻲ و روزهای باز بودند. پارامترهای ژﻧﺘﻴﻜﻲ ﺑﺎ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده از ﻣﺪل ﺣﻴﻮاﻧﻲ ﺗﻚ ﺻﻔﺘﻲ و از روش آماری بیزی مبتنی بر نمونه­ گیری گیبس با 200000 دور و نرم­ اﻓﺰار THRGIBBS1F90 ﺑﺮآورد شدند و در هر آنالیز 20000 دور اول به ­عنوان دورهای قلق ­گیری در نظر گرفته­ شدند. وراثت ­پذیری تولید شیر 34/0، تولید چربی 68/0، تولید پروتئین 65/0، سن زایش اول 17/0، فاصله گوساله ­زایی 007/0، طول دوره خشکی و روزهای باز 07/0 برآورد شدند. همبستگی ژنتیکی صفت تولید شیر با تولید چربی 48/0 به ­دست آمد. همچنین همبستگی ژنتیکی صفات تولید شیر، تولید چربی و تولید پروتئین با سن زایش اول به ­ترتیب 003/0-، 14/0 و 39/0 و همبستگی ژنتیکی صفات تولید شیر و پروتئین با فاصله گوساله­ زایی 23/0 و 55/0 برآورد شدند. با توجه به ­نتایج به ­دست آمده، همبستگی ­های بین صفات تولیدی و تولیدمثلی را می ­توان در برنامه­های اصلاح نژادی درنظر گرفت. 
 
متن کامل [PDF 1503 kb]   (147 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: ژنتیک و اصلاح نژاد دام
دریافت: 1397/10/10 | ویرایش نهایی: 1398/9/4 | پذیرش: 1398/4/17 | انتشار: 1398/9/4

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