Volume 10, Issue 23 (5-2019)                   rap 2019, 10(23): 35-44 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Parizadian Kavan B, Karimirad R, Khosravinia H. Effects of In Ovo Feeding of L-Carnitine and Satureja Khuzistanica Extract on Hatchability, Post-Hatch Performance and Carcass Characteristics in Broiler Chickens. rap. 2019; 10 (23) :35-44
URL: http://rap.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-961-en.html
Lorestan University
Abstract:   (804 Views)
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of in ovo feeding of L-carnitine and Satureja Khuzistanica extract on hatchability, post-hatch performance and carcass traits in broiler chickens. A total of 560 fertile eggs of Ross 308 strain (36-wk-old breeder flock) were assigned randomly to seven treatments with four replicates and 20 eggs per replicate. Treatments included control group (noninjected), dry punch, physiological saline injection, in ovo injection of L-carnitine (20 and 30 mg) and in ovo injection of Satureja khuzistanica extract (10 and 20 mg). Treatment solutions were injected into the air sac on d 17 of incubation. After hatch, 10 chicks per each replicate were distributed in pens and reared up to 42 d of age. The highest and the lowest rate of hatchability were observed respectively with injection of L-carnitine (30 mg) and Satureja khuzistanica extract (20 mg) into fertile eggs (P<0.05). In ovo administration of L-carnitine (30 mg) increased hatch weight of broiler chicks compared to other groups (P<0.05). The highest body weight gain in broiler chicks after hatch were observed in fertile eggs injected with 30 mg of L-carnitine (P<0.05). In ovo injection of L-carnitine (30 mg) into fertile chicken eggs at 17 d of incubation improved feed conversion ratio of broiler chicks after hatch (P<0.05). Therefore, it can be concluded that the in ovo administration of L-carnitine (30 mg) had positive effects on hatchability, hatching weight and feed conversion ratio in broiler chicks.
Full-Text [PDF 284 kb]   (131 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: تغذیه طیور
Received: 2018/10/10 | Revised: 2019/05/25 | Accepted: 2019/01/9 | Published: 2019/05/22

1. Al-Daraji, H.J. and A.O. Tahir. 2014. Effect of L-carnitine on fertility, hatchability and sex hormones in duck breeder. Research Opinions in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 4: 608-613.
2. Araujo, I.C.S.I., N.S.M.I. Leandro, M.A.I. Mesquita, M.B.I. Cafe, H.H.C.I. Mello and E.I. Gonzales. 2016. Effect of incubator type and broiler breeder age on hatchability and chick quality. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science, 18: 17-25. [DOI:10.1590/1806-9061-2015-0146]
3. Chiodi, P., B. Ciani, S. Kentroti, F. Maccari, A. Vernadakis, L. Angelucci and M.T. Ramacci. 1994. Carnitine and derivatives in the central nervous system of chick embryo. International Journal of Biochemistry, 26: 711-720. [DOI:10.1016/0020-711X(94)90171-6]
4. Ebrahimi, M., G.A. Moghaddam, H. Janmohammadi, M. Adibmoradi, F. Abdolalizadeh Alvanegh and R. Ghochkhani. 2018. The impact of in ovo injection with different levels of dl- methionine on carcass characteristics and blood parameters of day-old broiler chicks. Research on Animal Production, 20: 43-52 (In Persian).
5. Eftekhar, F., N. Ashoori and M. Yousefzadi. 2017. In-vitro antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of Satureja khuzestanica jamzad essential oils against multidrug-resistant acinetobacter baumanni. Avicenna Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 4: e45601. [DOI:10.5812/ajcmi.45601]
6. Golzaradabi, S.H., R.G. Cooper, N. Ceylan and M. Corduk. 2011. L-carnitine and its functional effects in poultry nutrition. World's Poultry Science Journal, 67: 277-296. [DOI:10.1017/S0043933911000304]
7. Haghighi Khoshkhoo, P., G. Akbari Azad, N. Ila, F. Moayer and H. Dehghan Nayeri. 2006. Effect of dietary L-carnitine supplementation on overall performance, carcass traits, serum components and immune response in broiler chicken. XIIth European Poultry Conference. Verona, Italy.
8. Johnston, A.P., H. Liv, T. Oconnell, P. Phelps, M. Bland, J. Tyczkowski, A. Kemper, T. Hording, A. Avakian, E. Handdad, C. Whitfill, R. Gildesleeve and G. Ricks. 1997. Application of in ovo technology. Poultry Science, 76: 165-178. [DOI:10.1093/ps/76.1.165]
9. Karadas, F., P.F. Surai and N.H.C. Sparks. 2011. Changes in broiler chick tissue concentrations of lipid-soluble antioxidants immediately post-hatch. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 160: 68-71. [DOI:10.1016/j.cbpa.2011.05.006]
10. Keralapurath, M.M., A. Corzo, R. Pulikanti, W. Zhai and E.D. Peebles. 2010. Effects of in ovo injection of L-carnitine on hatchability and subsequent broiler performance and slaughter yield. Poultry Science, 89: 1497-1501. [DOI:10.3382/ps.2009-00551]
11. Keralapurath, M.M., R.W. Keirs, A. Corzo, L.W. Bennett, R. Pulikanti and E.D. Peebles. 2010. Effects of in ovo injection of L-carnitine on subsequent broiler chick tissue nutrient profiles. Poultry Science, 89: 335-341. [DOI:10.3382/ps.2009-00333]
12. Kidd, M.T., C.D. McDaniel, E.D. Peebles, S.J. Barber, A. Corzo, S.L. Branton and J.C. Woodworth. 2005. Breeder hen dietary L-carnitine affects progeny carcass traits. British Poultry Science, 46: 91-103. [DOI:10.1080/00071660400024027]
13. Kidd, M.T., J. Gilbert, A. Corzo, C. Page, W.S. Virden and J.C. Woodworth. 2009. Dietary L-carnitine influences broiler thigh yield. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 22: 681-685. [DOI:10.5713/ajas.2009.60665]
14. Kita, K., S. Kato, M. Aman, J. Okumura and H. Yokota. 2002. Dietary L-carnitine increase plasma insulin- like growth factor- I- concentration in chicks fed a diet with adequate dietary protein level. British Poultry Science, 43: 117-121. [DOI:10.1080/00071660120109980]
15. Lee, S.H., H.S. Lillehoj, S.I. Jang, M.S. Jeong, S.Z. Xu, J.B. Kim, H.J. Park, H.R. Kim, E.P. Lillehoj and D.M. Bravo. 2014. Effects of in ovo injection with selenium on immune and antioxidant responses during experimental necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens. Poultry Science, 93: 1113-1121. [DOI:10.3382/ps.2013-03770]
16. Leibetseder, J. 1995. Studies on the effects of L-carnitine in poultry. Archives of Animal Nutrition, 48: 97-108. [DOI:10.1080/17450399509381832]
17. Moran, E.T. 2007. Nutrition of the developing embryo and hatchling. Poultry Science, 86: 1043-1049. [DOI:10.1093/ps/86.5.1043]
18. NRC. 1994. Nutrient Requierements of Domestic Animals. Nutrient Requierements of Poultry. 157P. 9th rev. ed. National Research Concil, National Academy Press. Washington, DC.
19. Oliveira, T.F.B., A.G. Bertechini, R.M. Bricka, E.J. Kim, P.D. Gerard and E.D. Peebles. 2015. Effects of in ovo injection of organic zinc, manganese, and copper on the hatchability and bone parameters of broiler hatchlings. Poultry Science, 94: 2488-2494. [DOI:10.3382/ps/pev248]
20. Parsaeimehr, K., M. Afrouziyeh and S. Hoseinzadeh. 2014. The effects of L-carnitine and different levels of animal fat on performance, carcass characteristics, some blood parameters and immune response in broiler chicks. Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science, 4: 561-566.
21. Peebles, E.D., M.T. Kidd, C.D. McDaniel, J.P. Tanksley, H.M. Parker, A. Corzo and J.C. Woodworth. 2007. Effects of breeder hen age and dietary L-carnitine on progeny embryogenesis. British Poultry Science, 48: 299-307. [DOI:10.1080/00071660701261278]
22. Rabie, M.H, F.S.A. Ismail and A.A.S. Ahmed. 2015. Effect of in ovo injection of L-carnitine at different incubational ages on egg hatchability in broiler breeders and post-hatch performance. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 10: 875-884. [DOI:10.3923/ajava.2015.875.884]
23. Rebouche, C.J. 1992. Carnitine function and requirements during the life cycle. The FASEB Journal, 6: 3379-3386. [DOI:10.1096/fasebj.6.15.1464372]
24. Rinaudo, M.T., M. Curto, R. Bruno, M. Piccinini and C. Marino. 1991. Acid soluble, short chain esterified and free carnitine in the liver, heart, muscle and brain of pre and post hatched chicks. International Journal of Biochemistry, 23: 59-65. [DOI:10.1016/0020-711X(91)90009-C]
25. Rodehutscord, M., R. Timmler and A. Dieckmann. 2002. Effect of L-carnitine supplementation on utilization of energy and protein in broiler chicken fed different dietary fat levels. Archiv fur Tierernahrung, 56: 431-441. [DOI:10.1080/00039420215637]
26. Safamehr, A., F. Chavooshi and A. Nobakht. 2017. The effects of saturea and thyme medicinal plants with or without enzyme on performance and blood parameters in broiler chickens. Research on Animal Production, 16: 70-78 (In Persian). [DOI:10.29252/rap.8.16.70]
27. Saki, A.A. and J. Salary. 2013. In ovo injection of silver nano particles, thyme and savory extract on growth performance and blood parameters in broiler chicks. Animal Sciences Journal (Pajouhesh & Sazandegi), 101: 71-78 (In Persian).
28. Saki, A.A., J. Salary, H. Aliarabi, M. Vatanchian and M. Abbasinejad. 2014. Effect of in ovo injection of silver nanoparticles, thyme and savory extracts in broiler breeder eggs on hatchability, digestive and immune parameters on hatch day. Iranian Journal of Animal Science Research, 62: 18-226 (In Persian).
29. Salmanzadeh, M., Y. Ebrahimnezhad and H.A. Shahryar. 2013. The effects of in ovo injection of L-carnitine on hatching traits, growth performance and carcass characteristics of turkey poults. Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences, 2: 125-128.
30. SAS Institute. 1999. SAS/STAT Users Guide. SAS Inc, NC.
31. Shafey, T.M., H.A. Al-Batshan, A.N. Al-Owaimer and K.A. Al-Samawei. 2010. Effects of in ovo administration of L-carnitine on hatchability performance, glycogen status and insulin-like growth factor-1 of broiler chickens. British Poultry Science, 51: 122-131. [DOI:10.1080/00071660903271190]
32. Zhai, W., S. Neuman, M.A. Latour and P.Y. Hester. 2008. The Effect of in ovo injection of L-carnitine on hatchability of white leghorns. Poultry Science, 87: 569-572. [DOI:10.3382/ps.2007-00348]
33. Zhai, W., S. Neuman, M.A. Latour and P.Y. Hester. 2008. The effect of male and female supplementation of L-carnitine on reproductive traits of white leghorns. Poultry Science, 87: 1171-1181. [DOI:10.3382/ps.2007-00325]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Research On Animal Production(Scientific and Research)

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb