Volume 9, Issue 22 (12-2018)                   rap 2018, 9(22): 1-8 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Saki A A, Malecky M, Atashi E, Mirzaie Goudarzi S, Zamani P, Hosseini Siyar S A. Determination of Optimum Level of Threonine in the Diet Laying Japanese Quail of During 10-17 Weeks of Age. rap. 2018; 9 (22) :1-8
URL: http://rap.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-781-en.html
Bu-Ali Sina University
Abstract:   (1682 Views)
This experiment was conducted to determine in the threonine requirements laying japanese quail. A total of 240 female Japanese quails were used from 10 to 17 weeks of age, in a completely randomized design (CRD). Experimental treatments consisted of three treatments: basal diet (0.69% threonine), basal diet+0.05% L- threonine (0.74% threonine) and basal diet+0.1% L- threonine (0.79% threonine), with 4 replicates and 20 quails in each. Feed intake, egg production, egg mass, feed conversion ratio and body growth rate were recorded during this study. Egg quality traits were measured biweekly. Performance parameters were not affected by supplementation L- threonine. Quail requirement for threonize was evaluated using, linear regression and quadratic equation. The lowest feed intake and the highest thin albumen of height showed by 0.74% dietary threonine with a quadratic trend. Albumen height, albumen index, yolk color and Haugh unit were decreased linearly by increasing threonine levels. Based on these results, it is concluded that the 0.69% threonine level in the diet was enough to achieve the potential of egg performance in of laying Japanese Quail.
Full-Text [PDF 1266 kb]   (697 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: تغذیه طیور
Received: 2017/08/10 | Revised: 2019/01/26 | Accepted: 2018/09/30 | Published: 2019/01/26

1. Azzam M.M.M., X.Y. Dong, P. Xie, C. Wang and X.T. Zou. 2011. The effect of supplemental l-threonine on laying performance, serum free amino acids, and immune function of laying hens under high-temperature and high-humidity environmental climates. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 20: 361-370. [DOI:10.3382/japr.2010-00308]
2. Ball, R.O. 2001. Threonine requirement and the interaction between threonine intake and gut mucins in pigs. In Symposium of the 2001 Degussa, Banff Pork Seminar. Banff, Alberta, Canada.
3. Baylan, M., S. Canogullari, T. Ayasan and A. Sahin. 2006. Dietary threonine supplementation for improving growth performance and edible carcass parts in Japanese quails, Coturnix coturnix japonica. International Journal of Poultry Science, 5: 635-638. [DOI:10.3923/ijps.2006.635.638]
4. Brumano, G. 2009. Levels of lysine and methionine cystine and crude protein for better egg and carcass quality of poultry and pigs. Revista Eletrônica Nutritime, 6: 898-917.
5. Canogullari, S., M. Baylan and T. Ayasan. 2009. Threonine requirement of laying Japanese quails. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 8: 1539-1541.
6. Costa, F.G.P., I.S. Nobre and L.P.G. Silva. 2009. Digestible threonine requirement for Japanese quails in the early stage. In: reunião anual da sociedade brasileira de zootecnia, Maringá: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia (In Portuguese).
7. de Lima, M.R., F.G.P. Costa, R.R. Guerra, J.H. da Silva, C.B.V. Rabello, M.A. Miglino, G.B.V. Lobato, S.B.S. Netto and L. da Silva Dantas. 2013. Threonine: lysine ratio for Japanese quail hen diets. The Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 22: 260-268. [DOI:10.3382/japr.2012-00670]
8. Figueiredo, G., A. Bertechini, E. Fassani, P. Rodrigues, J. Brito and S. Castro. 2012. Performance and egg quality of laying hens fed with dietary levels of digestible lysine and threonine. Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, 64: 743-750. [DOI:10.1590/S0102-09352012000300028]
9. Kidd, M.T. 2000. Nutritional considerations concerning threonine in broilers. World's Poultry Science Journal, 56: 139-151. [DOI:10.1079/WPS20000011]
10. Lelis, G.R. and A.A. Calderano. 2011. Ideal protein for semi-heavy laying hens: threonine and valine. Revista Eletrônica Nutritime, 8: 1482-1488.
11. Lerner J. 1971. Intestinal absorption of amino acids in vitro with special reference to the chicken: A review of recent findings and methodological approaches in distinguishing transport systems. Life Sciences and Agriculture Experiment Station Technical Bulletin, 20 pp.
12. Lima, M.R. and F.G.P. Costa. 2009. Egg quality of white laying hens fed different digestible threonine ratios: digestible lysine. In Congresso sobre Manejo e Nutrição de Aves e Suínos, CBNA. Campinas.
13. Martinez-Amezcua, C., J. Laparra-Vega, E. Avila-Gonzalez, F. Fuente, T. Jinez and M. Idd. 1999. Dietary L-threonine responses in laying hens. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 8: 236-241. [DOI:10.1093/japr/8.2.236]
14. Nichols, N.L. and R.F. Bertolo. 2008. Luminal threonine concentration acutely affects intestinal mucosal protein and mucin synthesis in piglets. Journal of Nutrition, 138: 1298-1303. [DOI:10.1093/jn/138.7.1298]
15. NRC (National Research Council). 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th Rev. Ed. National Academy Press. Washington, DC. 176 pp.
16. Rostagno, H.S., L.F.T. Albino and J.L. Donzele. 2011. Brazilian tables for poultry and pigs: Food composition and nutritional requirements. Viçosa. Minas Gerais, Brazil: Universidade Federal de Viçosa. 186pp.
17. Sá, L.M., P.C. Gomes, P.R. Cecon, H.S. Rostagno and P. D'Agostini. 2007. Nutritional requirement of digestible threonine for laying hens from 34 to 50 weeks of age. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 36: 1846-1853 (In Portuguese). [DOI:10.1590/S1516-35982007000800018]
18. Saki, A.A., M. Haghi and E. Rahmatnejad. 2014. The Effect of various levels of dietary protein and methionine on the laying hens performance and egg characteristics in late laying cycle. Research on Animal Production, 5: 13-25.
19. SAS. 2009. SAS user's guide: Statistics version 9.1. SAS Institue Inc., Cary, NC, USA.
20. Silva, J.H.V. and F.G.P. Costa. 2009. Table for Japanese and European quails. 2ed. Jaboticabal, SP: FUNEP. 110 pp.
21. Silva, J.H.V. and M.L.G. Ribeiro. 2001. National table of nutritional requirement of quails. Bananeiras, PB: DAP/UFPB/ Campus IV, 2001. 19pp.
22. Silva, J.H.V., J. Jordão Filho, F.G. Perazzo Costa, P.B.D. Lacerda, D.G. Vieira Vargas and Lima, M.R. 2012. Nutritional requirements of quails. Revista Brasileira de Saúde e Produção Animal, 13: 775-790. [DOI:10.1590/S1519-99402012000300016]
23. Siriwan P., W.L. Bryden, Y. Mollah and E.F. Annison. 1993. Measurement of endogenous amino acid losses in poultry. British Poultry Science, 34: 939-949. [DOI:10.1080/00071669308417654]
24. Ton, A.P.S., A.C. Furlan, E.N. Martins, E. Batista, T.J. Pasquetti, C. Scherer, A.S. Iwahashi and T.C.O.D. Quadros. 2013. Nutritional requirements of digestible threonine for growing meat-type quails. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 42: 504-510. [DOI:10.1590/S1516-35982013000700007]
25. Umigi, R.T., R.S. Reis, S.L.T. Barreto, R.M. Mesquita Filho and M.S. Araújo. 2012. Levels of digestible threonine for Japanese quail in the production phase. Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, 28: 658-664. [DOI:10.1590/S0102-09352012000300018]
26. Umigi, R.T., S.L.T. Barreto and J.L. Donzele. 2007. Níveis de treonina digestível em dietas para codorna japonesa em postura. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 36: 1868-1874. [DOI:10.1590/S1516-35982007000800021]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Research On Animal Production(Scientific and Research)

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb