دوره 8، شماره 16 - ( تابستان 1396 )                   جلد 8 شماره 16 صفحات 70-78 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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The Effects of Saturea and Thyme Medicinal Plants with or without Enzyme on Performance, Blood Parameters in Broiler Chickens. rap. 2017; 8 (16) :70-78
URL: http://rap.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-806-fa.html
صفامهر علیرضا، چاووشی فرزاد، نوبخت علی. اثرات آویشن‌، مرزه با و بدون آنزیم بر عملکرد، فراسنجه های خونی و ایمنی در جوجه های گوشتی . پژوهشهاي توليدات دامي. 1396; 8 (16) :70-78

URL: http://rap.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-806-fa.html


استاد
چکیده:   (350 مشاهده)
     این تحقیق به منظور تعیین اثرات استفاده از پودر گیاهان دارویی آویشن و مرزه، همراه با آنزیم بر عملکرد، کیفیت لاشه و فراسنجه­ های خونی جوجه ­های گوشتی از سن 1 تا 42 روزگی انجام شد. آزمایش در قالب طرح کاملا تصادفی با 480 قطعه جوجه گوشتی (سویه­ ی راس 308) در 8 تیمار و 3 تکرار (هر تکرار دارای 20 قطعه جوجه) اجراء شد. جیره ­های آزمایشی عبارت بودند از: 1) تیمار شاهد (بدون استفاده از گیاهان دارویی)، 2) حاوی 1 درصد آویشن، 3) حاوی 1 درصد مرزه 4) حاوی تیمار شاهد + 05/0% مولتی‌آنزیم، 5) حاوی 5/0 درصد مرزه + 5/0 درصد آویشن، 6) حاوی 1 درصد آویشن + 05/0 درصد مولتی‌آنزیم، 7) حاوی 1 درصد مرزه + 05/0 درصد مولتی‌آنزیم، 8) حاوی 5/0 درصد مرزه + 5/0 درصد آویشن و  05/0 درصد مولتی‌آنزیم. نتایج بدست آمده از این آزمایش نشان داد که افزودن گیاهان دارویی مرزه و آویشن و مکمل مولتی‌آنزیم به­ طور معنیداری سبب افزایش وزن روزانه  و بهبود ضریب تبدیل غذائی در دوره رشد (21 تا 42 روزگی) و کل دوره پرورشی (0 تا 42 روزگی) در مقایسه با تیمار شاهد شدند (05/0>P). استفاده توام آویشن و مرزه سبب کاهش درصد چربی بطنی در مقایسه با تیمار 4 شد (05/0>P). غلظت کلسترول، تری­گلیسرید، آلبومین و اسید ­اوریک خون تحت تأثیر گروه­ های آزمایشی قرار نگرفت. کمترین درصد هتروفیل و نسبت هتروفیل به لمفوسیت در تیمار حاوی مخلوط آویشن و مرزه و مولتی­آنزیم مشاهده شدند (05/0>P). به طور کلّی نتیجه­ گیری می­شود که استفاده از مخلوط آویشن و مرزه و مکمل مولتی‌آنزیم اثرات مثبت بر رشد، کاهش چربی بطنی و صفات ایمنی دارد.
واژه‌های کلیدی: آنزیم، آویشن، جوجه های گوشتی
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي

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