دوره 8، شماره 15 - ( بهار 1396 )                   جلد 8 شماره 15 صفحات 68-75 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

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Effects of Different Levels of Garlic Powder in the Starter Diet on Performance of Holestin Dairy Calves. rap. 2017; 8 (15) :68-75
URL: http://rap.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-759-fa.html
دهقانی مرتضی، فروزنده امیر داور، شاکری پیروز. اثر سطوح مختلف پودر سیر در جیره آغازین، بر عملکرد گوساله‌های شیری هلشتاین. پژوهشهاي توليدات دامي. 1396; 8 (15) :68-75

URL: http://rap.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-759-fa.html

استادیار پژوهشی بخش تحقیقات علوم دامی، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان کرمان
چکیده:   (377 مشاهده)

این مطالعه با هدف استفاده از سطوح مختلف پودر سیر درجیره آغازین و بررسی اثر آن بر عملکرد، وزن و سن از شیرگیری، برخی متابولیت‌های خون، نمره مدفوع، رشد اسکلتی و قابلیت هضم مواد مغذی جیره در گوساله‌های شیرخوار هلشتاین انجام شد. تعداد 30 راس گوساله نر و ماده هلشتاین (9/1±9/40 کیلوگرم) در قالب یک طرح کاملاً تصادفی به سه جیره آزمایشی شامل 1) جیره پایه بدون پودر سیر (شاهد)، 2) جیره پایه به‌همراه 5/0 درصد پور سیر و 3) جیره پایه به‌همراه 1 درصد پودر سیر به مدت 70 روز اختصاص یافتند. گوساله‌ها به‌‌مدت سه روز آغوز دریافت کردند و در طول آزمایش روزانه چهار کیلوگرم شیر در اختیار آن‌ها قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که افزودن پودر سیر در دو سطح 5/0 و 1 درصد به جیره آغازین گوساله‌ها سبب افزایش مصرف خوراک شد و در سطح 5/0 درصد باعث افزایش وزن در کل دوره، افزایش وزن روزانه و وزن از شیرگیری بالاتر گوساله‌ها نسبت به گروه شاهد گردید (02/0>p)، هر چند بر ضریب تبدیل غذایی بی‌تاثیر بود. همچنین استفاده از هر دو سطح پودر سیر در کاهش غلظت کلسترول و تری‌گلیسیرید پلاسما، افزایش قابلیت هضم ماده خشک، ماده آلی، پروتئین خام و الیاف نامحلول در شوینده خنثی و اسیدی، و افزایش دور سینه و عمق بدن موثر بود (01/0>p). به‌طور کلی نتایج این مطالعه نشان داد که استفاده از 5/0 درصد پودر سیر در جیره آغازین گوساله‌های شیر‌خوار می‌تواند سبب افزایش مصرف خوراک، افزایش عملکرد، افزایش وزن از شیرگیری، کاهش کلسترول و تری‌گلیسیرید پلاسما و بهبود قابلیت هضم جیره گردد.

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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي

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