Volume 8, Issue 16 (11-2017)                   rap 2017, 8(16): 111-120 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Determination of Solubility and Potential of Acid Production of some Feedstuffs and Investigation of their In Vitro Fermentation in Natural and Induced Acidosis Conditions. rap. 2017; 8 (16) :111-120
URL: http://rap.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-811-en.html
Abstract:   (1118 Views)
This study was conducted to determine solubility and acid production of some feedstuffs in various fermentation conditions. The solubility was determined at a temperature of 39°C for 24 h and the potential of acid production (PAP) was measured by adding calcium carbonate to filtered fermentation medium. Fermentation of feedstuffs was performed in special gas production syringes both natural and induced acidosis conditions. Total feedstuffs had 316.1 g kg-1 and 11.72 mg Ca g-1 for DM solubility and PAP, respectively. The best regression model to estimate PAP was made by non-fibrous carbohydrates (NFC) for all feedstuffs (R2 = 0.91) and by soluble OM in DM for both high NFC and high crude protein groups (R2 = 0.83). In natural fermentation condition there was high correlation (r = -0.91) between pH and gas production. The rice hull and wheat straw had the highest and the sugar cane molasses and citrus pulp had the lowest pH in 6h natural fermentation condition. The rice hull, wheat straw, alfalfa hay, corn silage and sugar beet pulp were more resistant than others in induced acidosis. The results showed that solubility and NFC content can be used in models that estimate PAP of feedstuffs. Also determination of fermentation characteristics of some common and by-products or lesser-known feedstuffs in terms of acid and gas production in a short time is possible by presented screening methods.
 
Full-Text [PDF 1031 kb]   (515 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/10/30 | Accepted: 2017/10/30 | Published: 2017/10/30

References
1. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 2002. Official method of analysis. Vol.1. 17th Ed. AOAC, Arlington, VA. pp: 120-155.
2. Bampidis, V.A. and P.H. Robinson. 2006. Citrus by-products as ruminant feeds: A review. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 128: 175-217. [DOI:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2005.12.002]
3. DesBordes, C.K. and J.G. Welch. 1984. Influence of specific gravity on rumination and passage of indigestible particles. Journal of Animal Science, 59: 470-475. [DOI:10.2527/jas1984.592470x]
4. D'Mello, J.P.F. 2000. Farm animal metabolism and nutrition. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, 438 pp.
5. Dijkstra, J., J.L. Ellis, E. Kebreab, A.B. Strathe, S. López, J. France and A. Bannink. 2012. Ruminal pH regulation and nutritional consequences of low pH. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 172: 22-33. [DOI:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2011.12.005]
6. Donovan, J. 1997. Subacute acidosis is costing us millions. In: Laarman, A.H., Sugino, T. and Oba, M. (eds) Effects of starch content of calf starter on growth and rumen pH in Holstein calves during the weaning transition. Journal of Dairy Science, 95: 4478-4487. [DOI:10.3168/jds.2011-4822]
7. Fonseca, A.J.M., A.A. Dias-da-Silva and E.R. Ørskov. 1998. In sacco degradation characteristics as predictors of digestibility and voluntary intake of roughages by mature ewes. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 72(3): 205-219. [DOI:10.1016/S0377-8401(98)00121-7]
8. Garrett, E.F., M.N. Pereira, K.V. Nordlund, L.E. Armentano, W.J. Goodger and G.R. Oetzel. 1999. Diagnostic methods for the detection of subacute ruminal acidosis in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 82: 1170-1178. [DOI:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(99)75340-3]
9. Giger-Reverdin, S. 2000. Characterisation of feedstuffs for ruminants using some physical parameters. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 86: 53-69. [DOI:10.1016/S0377-8401(00)00159-0]
10. Golchin-Gelehdooni, S., A. Teimori-Yanesari, and H. Taghavi kargan. 2013. The effects of alfalfa particle size and processed canola meal on physicochemical properties of ration in Zel sheep. Research on Animal Production, 4(7): 47-61(In Persian).
11. Gressley, T.F. 2014. Inflammatory responses to sub-acute ruminal acidosis. 25th Annual Florida Ruminant Nutrition Symposium Florida, pp: 28-39.
12. Jasaitis, D.K., J.E. Wohlt and J.L. Evans. 1987. Influence of feed ion content on buffering capacity of ruminant feedstuffs in vitro. Journal of Dairy Science, 70: 1391-1403. [DOI:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(87)80161-3]
13. Kim, E.T., S.S. Lee, H.J. Kim, J.Y. Song, C.H. Kim and J.K. Ha. 2012. Effects of dietary potential acid production value on productivity in dairy cows. Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Science, 25: 653-658. [DOI:10.5713/ajas.2012.12020]
14. Kleen, J.L. and C. Cannizzo. 2012. Incidence, prevalence and impact of SARA in dairy herds. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 172: 4-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2011.12.003]
15. Krause, K.M. and G.R. Oetzel. 2006. Understanding and preventing subacute ruminal acidosis in dairy herds: A review. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 126: 215-236. [DOI:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2005.08.004]
16. Kung, L., J.M. Lim, D.J. Hudson, J.M. Smith and R.D. Joerger. 2015. Chemical composition and nutritive value of corn silage harvested in the northeastern United States after Tropical Storm Irene. Journal of Dairy Science, 98: 2055-2062. [DOI:10.3168/jds.2014-8621]
17. Molero, R., M. Ibars, S. Calsamiglia, A. Ferret and R. Losa. 2004. Effects of a specific blend of essential oil compounds on dry matter and crude protein degradability in heifers fed diets with different forage to concentrate ratios. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 114: 91-104. [DOI:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2003.11.011]
18. Naderi Jabadraghi, M. and R. Pirmohammadi. 2013. The effect of starchy source digestion on alfalfa hay digestibility by in vivo and in vitro methods. Research on Animal Production, 4(8): 24-34 (In Persian).
19. NRC. 2001. Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. Seventh Revised Edition. The National Academies press. Washington, DC. USA, 363 pp.
20. Penner, G.B. 2014. Mechanisms of volatile fatty acid absorption and metabolism and maintenance of a stable rumen environment. 25th Annual Florida Ruminant Nutrition SymposiumFlorida, pp: 92-106.
21. Plaizier, J.C., D.O. Krause, G.N. Gozho and B.W. McBride. 2008. Subacute ruminal acidosis in dairy cows: The physiological causes, incidence and consequences. The Veterinary Journal, 176: 21-31. [DOI:10.1016/j.tvjl.2007.12.016]
22. Rustomo, B., O. AlZahal, N.E. Odongo, T.F. Duffield and B.W. McBride. 2006. Effects of rumen acid load from feed and forage particle size on ruminal pH and dry matter intake in the lactating dairy cow. Journal of Dairy Science, 89: 4758-4768. [DOI:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(06)72525-5]
23. Van Soest, P.J. 1994. Nutritional ecology of the ruminant. 2nd edn. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, United States, 488 pp.
24. Van Soest, P.J., J.B. Robertson and B.A. Lewis. 1991. Methods for dietary neutral detergent fiber, and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science, 74: 3583-3597. [DOI:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(91)78551-2]
25. Vercoe, P.E., H.P.S. Makkar and A.C. Schlink. 2010. In Vitro screening of plant resources for extra-nutritional attributes in ruminants: nuclear and related methodologies. Springer Science + Business Media B.V., Dordrecht, Netherlands, 247 pp. [DOI:10.1007/978-90-481-3297-3]
26. Wadhwa, D., N.F.G. Beck, L.P. Borgida, M.S. Dhanoa and R.J. Dewhurst. 2001. Development of a Simple In Vitro Assay for Estimating Net Rumen Acid Load from Diet Ingredients. Journal of Dairy Science, 84: 1109-1117. [DOI:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(01)74571-7]
27. Wattiaux, M.A., L.D. Satter and D.R. Mertens. 1993. Factors affecting volume and specific gravity measurements of neutral detergent fiber and forage particles. Journal of Dairy Science, 76: 1978-1988. [DOI:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(93)77531-1]
28. Zebeli, Q. and B.U. Metzler-Zebeli. 2012. Interplay between rumen digestive disorders and diet-induced inflammation in dairy cattle. Research in Veterinary Science, 93: 1099-1108. [DOI:10.1016/j.rvsc.2012.02.004]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Research On Animal Production(Scientific and Research)

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb