Volume 8, Issue 15 (6-2017)                   rap 2017, 8(15): 76-83 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

(2017). The Effect of Slow-Release Mineral Supplements and eCG Injection on Twining, Birth Weight and Weaning Weigh to Fluffy Raeini Goats . rap. 8(15), 76-83. doi:10.29252/rap.8.15.76
URL: http://rap.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-762-en.html
Abstract:   (4678 Views)

This study was carried out investigate the effect of slow-release blous on reproductive efficiency, twinning and weaning weight. 306 female Cashmere Raeini goats were selected randomly and  divided into eight treatments. Treatments were: 1and 2) control with and without injection eCG, 3 and 4) Consumption one slow-release blolus with and without injection eCG, 5 and 6) Consumption two slow-release boluses with and without injection eCG and7 and 8) Consumption one minerals and vitamin capsules with and without injection eCG. To synchronize estrus, ciders were installed in goats and eCG hormone injected in a half of goats. The results showed that reproductive efficiency were reduced with slow-release bolus and capsule supplements. But they had significant effect on twinning (p<0.001), but There wasn't significant effect on birth weight and weaning weight, effect of hormone injected was significant on twining (p<0.001), birth weight (p=0.045) and weaning weight (P=0.028). Body condition score (BCS) of male goat had significant effect on twinning (P<0.001), birth weight (P<0.001) and weaning (P<0.001). Female goat's age hadn't significant effects on twinning and birth weight and kids weaning weight. But sex of kids had a significant on kids weaning weight (P<0.001). Twinning was increased by using slow-release bolus and capsule, but the increase in liher size was neutralized by decreased reproductive efficiency in female goats.

Full-Text [PDF 446 kb]   (8688 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/06/17 | Accepted: 2017/06/17 | Published: 2017/06/17

References
1. Abdullahi, A., M.H. Shahir and H. Kahram. 2010. The Effect of the Slow Release of mineral and administration of PMS Gon reproductive traits of Afshari ewes, Fourth Congress of Animal Science, Karaj, pp: 432 (In Persian).
2. Aliarabi, H. and A. Fadayifar. 2014. Effect of slow release bolus of Zn, Se and Co on performance and some blood metabolites pregnant ewes and their lambs, Veterinary Journal (Pajouhesh & Sazandegi), 13: 45-56 (In Persian).
3. Aliyari, D. 2009. The BSC effect at the time of mating on the reproductive performance of Afshari ewes. Master Thesis, Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kermanshah (In Persian).
4. Ansari Renani, H.R., J.P. Mueller, B. Rischkowsky, S.M. Seyed Momen, O. Alipour, M. Ehsani and S. Moradi. 2012. Cashmere quality of Raeini goats Kept by nomads in Iran. Small Ruminant Research, 104: 10-16. [DOI:10.1016/j.smallrumres.2011.11.003]
5. Baghchehmaryam, M.B., M. Moradi shahrebabak, S.R. Miraeei Ashtiani, A. Rashidi and M. Sheykh Ahmadi. 2010. Estimation of Genetic and Phenotypic Parameters for Some Economic Traits in Markhoz Goat. Research on Animal Production, 1: 1-15 (In Persian).
6. Eilami, B. 2007. Lactation performance and lamb growth of Torky Ghashghaii sheep. Pajouhesh & Sazandegi, 79: 80-89 (In Persian).
7. Esmaeili-Zadeh, A., M. Akbari Gharaei and S.A. Miraei-Ashtiani. 2004 .Effects of ewe live weight and body condition at mating on fertility and lambing season of Kurdy sheep in extensive production system. Pajouhesh & Sazandegi, 61: 8-16 (In Persian).
8. Gamez Vazquez, H.G., C.A. Rosales Nieto, R. Banuelos-Valenzuela, J. Urrutia-Morales, M. Olivia-Diaz Gomez, J.M. Silva-Ramos and C.A. Meza-Herrera. 2008. Body condition score positively influence plasma Leptin concentration in Criollo Goats. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 7: 1237-1240.
9. Gharehbash, A.M., T. Ghoorchi, S. Hassani, N.M. Torbati-nejad and H. Mansuri. 2009. Effects of milk replacer and different starter diets on growth, feedintake and rumen development in suckling lambs. Journal of Agricultural Science and Natural Recourses, 16: 118-125.
10. Godfery, R.R., M.L. Gary and J.R. Collins. 1997. A comparison of two methods of estrous synchronization of hair sheep in the tropics. Animal. Reproduction. Science, 47: 99-106. [DOI:10.1016/S0378-4320(97)00007-9]
11. Gordon, I. 2003. Laboratory production of cattle embryo. CABI. [DOI:10.1079/9780851996660.0000]
12. Grace, N.D. and S.O. Knowles. 2005. "Evaluation of "SMART Shot selenium plus iodine", a new supplement for ewes-GCPV trial AGR0405 final report," Tech. Rep., pre-seed commercial group, Agresearch, Palmerston North, New Zealand.
13. Hatefi, A., A. Towhidi, A. Zali, S. Zeinoddini, M. Ganj khanluo and Y. Khalifelou. 2011. Effect of Beta Agonist Zilpaterol Hydrochloride on Feedlot Performance, Carcass Traits and Some Blood Parameters in Castrated Mahabadi Male Kid Goats. Research on Animal Production, 3: 23-35 (In Persian).
14. Hemingway, R., J.J. Parkins and N.S. Ritchie. 2001. Enhanced reproductive performance of ewe given a sustained-release multi-trace element/vitamin ruminalbolus. Small Ruminant Research, 39: 25-30. [DOI:10.1016/S0921-4488(00)00175-9]
15. Kachoei, R., M.M. Moeini and M. Surrey. 2011. The BCS impact on reproductive performance and colostrum production Markhoz goats, Fifth Iranian Congress of Animal Science, 816 pp.
16. Kahram, H. 2011.The study of increasing lambing nomads sheep in Lorestan Province, the office of comprehensive studies of the tribes, the new course of the summer, No.57, pp: 47-73 (In Persian).
17. Kara, C., A. Orman, E. Topal and E. Arkungoz. 2010. Effects of supplementary Nutrition in Awassi ewes on sexual Behaviors and Reproductive traits. Journal of Biological Environmental Science, 4: 15-21.
18. Khaldari, M., P. Tajik and A. Afalzadeh and N. Farzin. 2004. Efficacy of CIDR and eCG on estrous synchronization and twining rate Zandi ewes during the breeding season. Journal of Veterinary Research, 59: 141-145 (In Persian).
19. Macdonald, P., R.A. Edwards, J.F.D. Greenhalgh, C.A. Morgan, L.A. Sinclair and R.G. Wilkinson. 2011. Animal Nutrition, 7th Edition, Prentice Hall press, 692 pp.
20. Moeini, M.M., D. Aliyari and M.G. Shahir. 2011. The effect of BCS on some biological parameters of blood and reproductive performance of Afshari ewes. Journal of Veterinary Medicine, Islamic Azad University of Sanandaj, 5: 42-33 (In Persian).
21. Niimi, M., M. Sato and T. Taminato. 2001. Neuropeptide Y in central control of feeding and interactions with orexin and leptin. Endocrine 14: 269-273. [DOI:10.1385/ENDO:14:2:269]
22. Olson, P.A., D.R. Brink, D.T. Hickok, M.P. Carlson, N.R. Schneider, G.H. Deutscher, D.C. Adams, D.J. Colburn and A.B. Johnson. 1999. Effects of supplementation of organic and inorganic combinations of copper, cobalt, manganese and zinc above nutrient requirement levels on postpartum two-year-old cows. Journal of Animal Science, 77: 522-532. [DOI:10.2527/1999.773522x]
23. Rashidi, A., F.A. Shahrodi, A. Nik-Khah and Y. Asghar. 1998. Genetic and phenotypic parameter for growth traits in Moghani sheep. Iranian Journal of Agricultural Science, 9: 227-235.
24. Successful supplementary feeding of grazing animal in Australia, 2010. http://www. cooper-sanimalhealth.com.au/Manuals/sp/Block_Manual.pdf.
25. Susilorini, T.E., S. Maylinda, P. Surjowardojo and B. Suyadi. 2014. Importance of body condition scores for milk production traits in Peranakan Etowah goats. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 4: 151-157.
26. Underwood, E.J. and N.F. Suttle. 1999. Copper in the Mineral Nutrition of Livestock 3nd edition. CABI Publishing New York. [DOI:10.1079/9780851991283.0000]
27. Vaez Turshizi, R., N. Emam Jomeh, A. Nikkhah and M. Hijazi. 1992. Effect of environmental factors on pre-weaning traits and genetic parameters of the characters in a flock of sheep Baluchi, Iranian Journal of Agricultural Science, 23: 43-33.
28. Zare Shahneh, A., M.J. Zamiri, J. IzadiFar, S.M. Fatemi, A. Nikkhah and N. Sefid Bakht. 2006. Milk production and lamb grow thin Ghezel sheep. Journal of Veterinary Research (Tehran University), 61: 311-305.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Research On Animal Production

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb