Volume 13, Issue 35 (3-2022)                   rap 2022, 13(35): 176-184 | Back to browse issues page

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Ahmadpanah J, Javanrouh aliabad A, Safari A. Estimation of Financial Losses Associated to Coccidiosis in Broilers. rap. 2022; 13 (35) :176-184
URL: http://rap.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-1213-en.html
Animal Science Research Department, Kermanshah Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Kermanshah, Iran
Abstract:   (284 Views)

Extended Abstract
Introduction and Objective: Understanding the losses caused by animal and poultry diseases is important by recognizing the share of indirect costs such as infrastructure and services as well as the direct costs of breeding and losses to improve the economic efficiency and proper managment. Therefore, the aim of current study was to estimate the financial losses due to coccidiosis in broiler and broiler breeder farms.
Material and Methods: Collected data was from 16 broilers (12 farms) and broiler breeders’ (4 farms) farms in Gilan province. Williams model was used to calculate the economic losses of coccidiosis with a few changes based on Irans’ breeding systems.
Results: The results of this study showed that the average loss due to coccidiosis in a broiler farm with 50,000 pieces of broiler and a broiler breeder farm with 30,000 active capacities was estimated about 225 and 333 million Rials, respectively. In commercial broiler farms, losses from mortality, reduced weight gain and increased feed conversion ratio had the greatest impact on coccidiosis losses. However, in the broiler breeder farm, the highest loss due to coccidiosis was related to losses from mortality (54.41%). After mortality, the parameters of vaccination, treatment, reduced egg production and reduced hatchability accounted for 22.63, 10.51, 7.86 and 4.57% of total losses, respectively. In small farms, due to the reduction of overhead costs, losses due to mortality is less than large farms. On the other hand, the management is more accurate in small farms than large farms.
Conclusion: Due to the financial losses associated to coccidiosis, using natural products including fungal, plant extracts and probiotics is necessary to reduce the problems from coccidiosis. In addition, where coccidiosis is more prevalent it is necessary to have coccidiostats and vaccinations in the management programs. In future research, segregation of type and source of infection, the number of herds studied to calculate financial loss due to Coccidiosis muse be increased, also the collected data should be related to different climates of the country.

 

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: مدیریت دامپروری و تولید
Received: 2021/06/22 | Revised: 2022/07/18 | Accepted: 2021/09/22 | Published: 2022/03/30

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