Volume 13, Issue 36 (7-2022)                   rap 2022, 13(36): 172-178 | Back to browse issues page

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Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources
Abstract:   (995 Views)
Extended abstract
Introduction and Objective: This study aims to investigate the nutritional effects of organic acids, prebiotics, probiotics and (prebiotic + probiotic( combination on increasing adult bee population, neonatal rearing, beeswax production, pollen storage and hives weight gain before the honey harvesting season in Iranian honey bees.
Materials and Methods: This experiment was conducted using 25 Iranian honey bee colonies with the same sister queen and with the same conditions in a completely randomized design with 5 experimental treatments including control group (sugar syrup 1: 1), organic acid (8 cc per 1 liter of syrup 1:1), prebiotics (10 g per 1 liter of syrup 1: 1), probiotics (5 g per 1 liter of syrup 1: 1) and (prebiotic + probiotic) combination (10 g + 5 g per 1 liter of syrup 1: 1) and 5 repetitions for 30 days before the honey harvesting season.
Results: The adult bee population in the colonies that received organic acid and prebiotic + probiotic( combination was significantly higher than the control treatment (p<0.05). Neonatal rearing and beeswax production increased in colonies that received organic acid, prebiotic, probiotic and )prebiotic + probiotic( combination compared to the control treatment (p<0.05). The effect of experimental treatments on pollen storage was not significant (p<0.05). Hives weight gain increased in all experimental treatments, except for the colonies that received probiotics, compared to the control treatment (p<0.05).
Conclusions: The results showed that the use of organic acid, prebiotic, probiotic and (prebiotic + probiotic) combination in bee stimulation feeding before the honey harvesting season can improve the performance of Iranian bee colonies.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/10/3 | Revised: 2022/10/3 | Accepted: 2021/12/15 | Published: 2022/10/3

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